Sustainable developmentSustainability indicators

Company and management

Value generated / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2018 2017 2016
Revenue 1,508.8 1,468.7 1,364.1
+ Other income 44.9 44.1 66.6
Total revenue 1,553.7 1,512.8 1,430.7
+ Income from investments 1.8 2.1 1.5
- Non-personnel expenses -507.9 -510.7 -449.2
- Depreciation and amortization -215.9 -217.6 -239.1
= Value generated 831.7 786.6 743.9

Value distributed / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2018 2017 2016
Employees 507.7 482.1 452.5
Lenders (netted) 102.7 75.3 81.6
Public sector 72.6 70.4 58.2
Munich Airport Group 148.7 158.8 151.6
       
= Value generated 831.7 786.6 743.9

The value generated calculation represents the difference between the service provided by the company and the value of the advance services required.

The distribution statement shows the proportions distributed to those involved in the value creation process – employees, the public sector, and lenders. Payments provided by FMG to the public sector include taxes. The interest on the loans to shareholders is included under the «Lenders» recipient group. The income from investments includes income from companies valued using the equity method and income from the transfer of profit from non-consolidated entities. The non-personnel expenses include the cost of materials and other expenses.

  2018 2017 2016
Total passenger volume 46,271,504 44,594,516 42,277,692
Total commercial traffic¹) 46,253,623 44,577,241 42,261,309
Scheduled and charter traffic 46,231,009 44,556,053 42,241,902
Other commercial traffic¹) 22,614 21,188 19,407
Non-commercial traffic¹) 17,881 17,275 16,383
Total aircraft movements 413,469 404,505 394,430
Total commercial traffic¹) 403,691 395,047 385,081
Scheduled and charter traffic 392,238 383,934 374,057
Other commercial traffic¹) 11,453 11,113 11,024
General air traffic (non-commercial traffic)¹) 9,778 9,458 9,349
Seating capacity utilization in % 77.5 76.5 75.1
Cargo throughput      
Cargo and airmail carried in t 368,377 378,803 353,650
Traffic units (TU) of commercial traffic 49,906,283 48,334,296 45,709,334
1) For term definitions see the Annual Statistics Report 2018, p. 28/29.

Passenger indicators (commercial traffic only) / GRI AO1

  2018 2017 2016
  Total Domestic International Total Domestic International Total Domestic International
Total commercial traffic 46,253,623 9,707,044 36,546,579 44,577,241 9,841,103 34,736,138 42,261,309 9,632,163 32,629,146
Arrivals 23,183,728 4,844,837 18,338,891 22,340,548 4,917,320 17,423,228 21,142,346 4,816,340 16,326,006
Departures 23,038,785 4,850,214 18,188,571 22,205,715 4,916,814 17,288,901 21,030,482 4,803,413 16,227,069
Transit passengers 1) 31,110 11,993 19,117 30,978 6,969 24,009 88,481 12,410 76,071
                   
Number of O&D passengers 2) in millions 28.8 - - 28.3 - - 27.0 - -
Number of transfer passengers in millions 17.4 - - 16.2 - - 15.2 - -
Transfer passengers in % 3) 37 - - 36 - - 36 - -
1) Transit passengers are passengers who fly into the airport and continue their trip on the same aircraft. Transit passengers are only counted on landing.
 2) Origin & Destination passengers are passengers who start or end their trip at the airport.
 3) The proportion of transfer passengers is based on departure passenger surveys.
 

Aircraft movements 1) / GRI AO2

  2018 2017 2016
  Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures
Passenger flights, scheduled/charter 388,431 194,073 194,358 380,119 189,996 190,123 369,561 184,699 184,862
Domestic 91,024 45,503 45,521 87,977 43,965 44,012 87,000 43,521 43,479
International 297,407 148,570 148,837 292,142 146,031 146,111 282,561 141,178 141,383
Cargo flights, scheduled/charter 3,576 1,758 1,818 3,619 1,795 1,824 4,047 2,014 2,033
Domestic 1,471 769 702 1,518 800 718 1,515 810 705
International 2,105 989 1,116 2,101 995 1,106 2,532 1,204 1,328
Airmail flights, scheduled/charter 231 114 117 196 98 98 449 225 224
Domestic 231 114 117 196 98 98 449 225 224
International - - - - - - - - -
General air traffic 21,231 10,788 10,443 20,571 10,363 10,208 20,373 10,272 10,101
Domestic 8,833 4,589 4,244 8,454 4,355 4,099 8,413 4,338 4,075
International 12,398 6,199 6,199 12,117 6,008 6,109 11,960 5,934 6,026
Total 413,469 206,733 206,736 404,505 202,252 202,253 394,430 197,210 197,220
1) Military flights are not included.
In t 2018 2017 2016
  Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo
Cargo-only flights 57,889 21,421 36,468 52,011 16,875 35,136 62,056 17,956 44,099
Bellyhold cargo on passenger flights 293,658 129,618 164,040 310,820 136,641 174,179 272,441 113,912 158,529
Total on all flights 351,547 151,039 200,508 362,831 153,516 209,315 334,497 131,868 202,628

Dialog management / GRI standard 102-43, 102-44

Number of entries 2018 2017 2016
Total complaints 3,660 2,467 2,291
Number of complaints on key issues      
Airline 181 191 218
Airport facility 533 761 495
Baggage collection 678 232 188
Parking 113 82 197
Passport control 279 258 183
Security checks 1,092 350 318

Munich Airport received 79.1 complaints for every one million passengers handled in 2018. Given a 3.8 percent increase in passenger figures, the absolute number of complaints rose compared to 2017 from 2,467 to 3,660 (+48 percent).

The main driver for this change was the closure of T2 as a result of an incident at the security check area (+742 complaints) on July 28, 2018 and the consequences for passengers which continued into the following days.

Long waiting times, the frequent output of baggage on the wrong belt (Terminal 2), and a lack of contact persons in baggage reclaim were the reasons for an increase in complaints surrounding baggage collection of around 292 percent. Baggage reclaim is thus a topic that has given rise to increasing complaints from passengers over the years.

There was a slight increase of 31 passenger feedback responses (+37  percent) on the topic of parking, which was due primarily to the renovation works in parking structure 20, which is close to Terminal 2, and the ensuing inconvenience caused.

The complaints in relation to the airport facilities were down (-30 percent), due predominantly to Munich Airport’s newly designed web presence, improved WiFi availability, and reduced delays thanks to the provision of passenger boarding bridges.

  2018 2017 2016
Total alarms 3,717 3,555 3,487
False alarms 670 737 649
Number of deployments 3,047 2,818 2,838
Technical support jobs 1,903 1,846 1,978
Security monitoring jobs 1) 864 833 740
Firefighting jobs 280 139 120
Rescue service deployments, total 1,701 1,474 1,592
First responder deployments 2) 123 164 155
Rescue vehicle deployments 1,578 1,310 1,437
1) On-call service where the Airport Rescue and Firefighting service attends certain situations with particularly high risk levels in order to provide immediate support should a risk occur.
2) First aid until the arrival of the public rescue service.

Employees and society

Proportion of total budget in % 2018 2017 2016
Sport 42 39 35
Social welfare 29 30 31
Education 9 12 15
Culture 19 16 18
Environment 1 3 1
1) The annual sponsorship budget is linked to FMG’s external sales.

As from 2017, all personnel figures include AeroGround Berlin, HSD, and MAI, unless specified otherwise.

Total workforce / GRI standard 102-8, 405-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3)
Total number of employees 1) 3,190 33.14 6,436 66.86 9,626 100.00 9,413 100.00 8,502 100.00
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 2,087 21.68 5,590 58.07 7,677 79.75 7,160 76.07 6,827 80.30
Part-time 1,103 11.46 846 8.79 1,949 20.25 2,253 23.93 1,675 19.70
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 470 4.88 425 4.42 895 9.30 1,149 12.21 1,388 16.33
Permanent 2,720 28.26 6,011 62.45 8,731 90.70 8,264 87.79 7,114 83.67
Other employees 303   479   782   880   804  
Apprentices 141   136   277   275   274  
Interns 29   11   40   38   42  
Workers in minor employment 97   192   289   269   291  
Temporary workers 36   140   176   298   197  
Total employees including other employees of the Group 3,493   6,915   10,408   10,293   9,306  
Employees on the airport campus 2)         34,720   34,720   34,720  
                     
FMG 2018 2017 2016
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3)
Total number of employees 1) 1,021 23.50 3,324 76.50 4,345 100.00 4,292 100.00 4,223 100.00
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 661 15.21 3,014 69.37 3,675 84.58 3,654 85.14 3,613 85.56
Part-time 360 8.29 310 7.13 670 15.42 638 14.86 610 14.44
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 25 0.58 59 1.36 84 1.93 88 2.05 97 2.30
Permanent 996 22.92 3,265 75.14 4,261 98.07 4,204 97.95 4,126 97.70
Other employees 96   118   214   216   210  
Apprentices 69   85   154   154   144  
Interns 22   7   29   33   31  
Workers in minor employment 5   26   31   29   35  
Temporary workers 0   0   0   0   0  
Total employees including other employees of FMG 1,117   3,442   4,559   4,508   4,433  
1) Reporting date: December 31: Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
 2) Includes all companies based at Munich Airport. Data based on 2015 employee survey. The employee survey at Munich Airport is carried out every three years. Further information on the survey is available here: www.munich-airport.de/jobmotor2016
 3) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements / GRI standard 102-41, 202-01

  2018 2017 2016
  Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Total number of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements 9,986 4,407 9,874 4,370 8,769 4,147
Proportion of total employees in % 1) 95.95 96.67 95.93 96.94 94.23 93.55
1) All percentages are based on the total number of employees including apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.

Age structure of employees / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
  Women Proportion in % 2) Men Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 632 6.57 900 9.35 1,532 15.92 1,516 16.11 1,401 16.48
30 to 50 years 1,762 18.30 3,260 33.87 5,022 52.17 5,013 53.26 4,510 53.05
Over 50 years 796 8.27 2,276 23.64 3,072 31.91 2,884 30.64 2,591 30.48
Total 3,190 33.14 6,436 66.86 9,626 100.00 9,413 100.00 8,502 100.00
                     
FMG 2018 2017 2016
  Women Proportion in % 2) Men Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 221 5.09 250 5.75 471 10.84 447 10.41 403 9.54
30 to 50 years 564 12.98 1,477 33.99 2,041 46.97 2,126 49.53 2,176 51.53
Over 50 years 236 5.43 1,597 36.75 1,833 42.19 1,719 40.05 1,644 38.93
Total 1,021 23.50 3,324 76.50 4,345 100.00 4,292 100.00 4,223 100.00
1) Reporting date: December 31: Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
 2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Age structure of managers / GRI Standard 405-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
    Proportion in %   Proportion in %   Proportion in %
Total managers 732 7.60 1) 744 7.90 1) 676 7.92 1)
Women 174 1.81 1) 190 2.02 1) 170 1.99 1)
Men 558 5.80 1) 554 5.89 1) 506 5.93 1)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 31 4.23 2) 42 5.65 2) 19 2.81 2)
30 to 50 years 373 50.96 2) 408 54.84 2) 370 54.98 2)
Over 50 years 328 44.81 2) 294 39.52 2) 282 41.72 2)
             
FMG 2018 2017 2016
    Proportion in %   Proportion in %   Proportion in %
Total managers 412 9.48 1) 406 9.46 1) 394 9.33 1)
Women 61 1.40 1) 62 1.44 1) 58 1.37 1)
Men 351 8.08 1) 344 8.01 1) 336 7.96 1)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 5 1.21 2) 5 1.23 2) 5 1.27 2)
30 to 50 years 161 39.08 2) 187 46.05 2) 191 48.48 2)
Over 50 years 246 59.71 2) 214 52.71 2) 198 50.25 2)
1) Reporting date: December 31: Proportion of managers relative to the total number of employees.
2) Proportion of managers relative to the total number of managers.

Parental leave taken 1) / GRI Standard 401-3

Group 2018 2017 2016
  Women Men Total Total 2) Total
Parental leave taken 113 175 288 243 176
Part-time parental leave taken 27 3 30 44 45
           
FMG 2018 2017 2016
  Women Men Total Total Total
Parental leave taken 45 78 123 138 115
Part-time parental leave taken 19 1 20 36 36
1) Number of employees who have taken parental leave in the year under review. Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Without HSD.

Due to the significant expense of evaluating the various parental leave models manually (duration of parental leave, split of parental leave), the number of individuals returning from parental leave, along with the number of resignations following parental leave, have not been recorded.

Employee turnover: starters and leavers 1) / GRI standard 401-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
  Starters Proportion in % 2) Leavers Proportion in % 2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 664 43.66 473 39.58 861 513 727 502
30 to 50 years 673 44.25 494 41.34 1,077 515 574 346
Over 50 years 184 12.10 228 19.08 267 240 113 154
Total 1,521 100.00 1,195 100.00 2,205 1,268 1,414 1,002
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 1,020 67.06 729 61.00 1,384 779 863 565
Female 501 32.94 466 39.00 821 489 551 437
                 
FMG 2018 2017 2016
  Starters Proportion in % 2) Leavers Proportion in % 2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 129 50.99 36 21.56 133 41 103 33
30 to 50 years 96 37.94 53 31.74 122 90 125 48
Over 50 years 28 11.07 78 46.71 13 89 14 66
Total 253 100.00 167 100.00 268 220 242 147
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 163 64.43 123 73.65 163 158 157 112
Female 90 35.57 44 26.35 105 62 85 35
1) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of starters/leavers among the employees as per 1).

Turnover rate 1) / GRI standard 401-1

  2018 2017 2016
In % Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Turnover rate 12.32 3.77 13.37 5.01 11.41 3.42
1) The turnover rate reflects the ratio of leavers to the number of employees (as an annual average including apprentices and excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns).

Average hours of training 1) / GRI standard 404-1

  2018 2017 2016
  Group 2) FMG Group 5) FMG Group 4) FMG
Average hours of training per employee 15.9 9.2 18.91 13.35 15.76 12.65
Per male employee 16.6 9.6 20.43 14.51 16.91 13.96
Per female employee 14.3 7.9 15.95 9.41 12.55 7.95
Per manager 3) 16.1 12.6 17.37 13.12 23.92 12.67
Per employee (without managerial responsibilities) 15.9 8.9 21.00 16.95 15.16 12.54
1) Average number of hours spent on professional development, training, and seminars that are recorded in a time management system (excluding aviation security courses) per employee (excluding apprentices, employees in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns) as at the reporting date, December 31.
2) Excluding LabCampus, MUCreal, FM Bau, and Infogate.
3) First- to fourth-tier managers excluding the Executive Board of FMG.
4) Excluding Terminal 2 oHG.
5) Excluding HSD, InfoGate, and FM Bau.

Occupational health and safety / GRI standard 403-9

Group 1) 2018 2017 2016
Accident statistics 2)      
Reportable occupational accidents 231 225 195
Number of resulting days of absence 3) 5,820 5,761 4,331
Fatal occupational accidents 7) 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 4) 26.55 26.63 24.50
FMG 1) 2018 2017 2016
Accident statistics 2)      
Reportable occupational accidents 84 76 71
Number of resulting days of absence 3) 2,464 1,985 2,106
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 4) 20.95 19.02 18.17
Workers in ground handling in Munich 5) 2018 2017 2016
Accident statistics 2)      
Reportable occupational accidents 101 112 89
Number of resulting days of absence 3) 2,900 2,964 2,304
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 4) 49.49 56.60 46.32
Workers in ground handling in Berlin 2018 2017 2016
Accident statistics 2)      
Reportable occupational accidents 26 29  
Number of resulting days of absence 3) 741 820  
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0  
Rate per 1,000 workers 4) 55.13 66.87  
1) Including apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Injuries requiring first aid are recorded when employees attend Munich Airport’s medical center.
3) These are calendar days and are counted from the day following the occupational accident.
4) Reportable occupational accidents x 1,000/annual average actual employee capacity (EC).
5) Ground handling employees working for FMG and employees and temporary workers at AeroGround.
6) 2017 without HSD.
7) In 2018, a fatal work accident occurred at Munich Airport. As the person in question was an employee of a third company, the accident is not included in these statistics.

Aircraft handling on the ground is a critical area for occupational health and safety measures at Munich Airport. This is why FMG publishes additional accident statistics for employees who work in aircraft handling.

Sick leave 1) / GRI Standard 403-10

Group 2018 2017 2016
In % Women Men Total 3) Total 4) Total
Illness rate 2) 7.48 8.74 7.98 7.88 7.9
           
FMG 2018 2017 2016
In % Women Men Total Total Total
Illness rate 2) 5.1 8.9 7.3 7.94 8.14
1) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Hours off sick in relation to planned working hours, including rehabilitation, therapy programs, treatment, and so on. Relates to the total number of employees as per. 1)
3) Excluding InfoGate, LabCampus, MAI, and MUCreal.
4) Excluding InfoGate, HSD, and FM Bau.

Occupational illnesses 1) / GRI standard 403-10

  2018 2017 4) 2016
In % Group 2) FMG Group 3) FMG Group FMG
Reported occupational illnesses 4 4 2 2 6 4
1) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Excluding eurotrade.
3) Excluding HSD.
4) Errors identified whilst our data was being audited have been corrected.

Employees with disabilities / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 1) 698 677 645
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 6.99 7.25 7.11
       
FMG 2018 2017 2016
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 1) 488 484 487
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 10.94 10.95 12.28
1) Degree of disability of at least 30 within the meaning of equality under Book IX of the Social Security Code.
2) Proportion of employees with disabilities as per 1) based on the average total employees, including apprentices and workers in minor employment and excluding temporary workers and interns. 2017 without HSD. From 2018 excluding MAI, InfoGate, LabCampus, and MUCreal.

Nationalities 1) / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2018 2017 2016
  Women Men Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 3,331 6,572 9,903   9,688   8,776  
German nationals 2,633 4,880 7,513 75.87 7,491 77.32 6,920 78.85
Foreign nationals 698 1,692 2,390 24.13 2,197 22.68 1,856 21.15
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 62 485 547 5.52 528 5.45 460 5.24
Hungary 20 178 198 2.00 183 1.89 178 2.03
Italy 30 109 139 1.40 132 1.36 118 1.34
Romania 67 103 170 1.72 126 1.30 50 0.95
Croatia 38 168 206 2.08 117 1.21 - -
Greece 34 60 94 0.95 93 0.96 29 0.95
 
FMG 2018 2017 2016
  Women Men Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 1,090 3,409 4,499   4,446   4,367  
German nationals 1,036 2,994 4,030 89.58 3,974 89.38 3,898 89.26
Foreign nationals 54 415 469 10.42 472 10.62 469 10.74
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 1 267 268 5.96 272 6.12 268 6.14
Hungary 1 2 3 0.07 2 0.04 33 0.76
Italy 6 20 26 0.58 28 0.63 28 0.64
Austria (additional as of 2018) 11 24 35 0.78 - - - -
Croatia 1 6 7 0.16 6 0.13 14 0.32
Greece 3 17 20 0.44 18 0.40 19 0.44
1) Reporting date: December 31: Total workforce including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees’ areas of residence 1) / GRI standard 102-8, 401-1

  Konzern FMG
Administrative districts 2018 Proportion in % 2) 2017 2016 2018 Proportion in % 2) 2017 2016
Freising 2,484 25.08 2,376 2,295 915 20.34 903 876
Erding 1,920 19.39 1,880 1,862 1,067 23.72 1,065 1,066
Munich 1,940 19.59 1,866 1,820 790 17.56 776 753
Landshut 1,312 13.25 1,257 1,221 715 15.89 696 670
Pfaffenhofen 170 1.72 147 155 97 2.16 92 92
Ebersberg 186 1.88 156   109 2.42 104  
Berlin and surrounding area 3) 106 1.07     2 0.04    
Other districts 1,785 18.02 2,006 1,423 804 17.87 810 910
Total 9,903 100.00 9,688 8,776 4,499 100.00 4,446 4,367
1) Total workforce including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns, who lived in each administrative district as at the reporting date of December 31.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).
3) Survey as of 2018.

Environmental and climate protection

  2017/2018 2016/2017 2015/2016
Apron de-icer in t 2) 4,699 3,502 2,041
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type I) in m3 5,139 4,071 3,233
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type IV) in m3 879 787 783
Recycling rate of Type I de-icer used in % 64.9 61.4 63.9
Number of days of winter operations 58 65 47
1) Seasonal database/fluctuations in year-on-year comparisons are linked to winter weather conditions.
2) Liquid potassium formate and sodium formate granules.

The company responsible for de-icing operations at Munich Airport, Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München mbH (EFM), uses glycol-based de-icer that is sprayed onto aircraft by de-icing vehicles. The low-viscosity Type I de-icer is mixed with water in a ratio 55:45, heated, and applied to the aircraft at a temperature of 85 degrees Celsius. Type IV de-icer contains thickeners, making it viscous. It is sprayed on cold and undiluted.

  2018 2017 2016
  GJ MWh CO2 (t) GJ MWh CO2 (t) GJ MWh CO2 (t)
Scope 1: Direct energy consumption/emissions                  
Natural gas gas/diesel generating sets CHPP 0 0 0 414 115 23 8,193 2,276 455
Natural gas gas/gasoline generating sets CHPP 1,289,542 358,206 71,570 1,322,438 367,344 73,395 1,273,319 353,700 70,644
Natural gas boiler plant 18,252 5,070 1,013 18,261 5,073 1,014 10,564 2,934 586
Fuel oil gas/diesel gensets 24,228 6,730 1,795 19,080 5,300 1,414 16,943 4,707 1,256
Fuel oil boiler plant 1,937 538 144 5,855 1,626 434 950 264 70
LPG 1,121 311 73 1,912 531 124 4,046 1,124 262
Fuel oil emergency gensets 1,721 478 127 1,584 440 117 1,526 424 113
Natural gas consumption EFM 2) 10,037 2,788 557 6,681 1,856 371 7,855 2,182 436
Diesel and gasoline 164,269 45,630 12,063 159,103 44,195 11,777 154,001 42,778 11,441
Total scope 1 1,511,107 419,752 87,341 1,535,329 426,480 88,668 1,477,396 410,388 85,262
Scope 2: Indirect energy consumption/emissions 3)                  
Purchased power 4) 223,259 62,016 33,303 268,075 74,465 43,190 278,606 77,391 45,428
Purchased district heat 5) 100,649 27,958 2,978 124,560 34,600 3,685 126,972 35,270 3,756
Purchased natural gas 6) 64,238 17,844 3,565 60,323 16,756 3,348 65,449 18,180 3,631
Power supplied to outside companies 7) -200,393 -55,665 -29,892 -185,775 -51,604 -29,930 -191,987 -53,330 -31,305
Heat supplied to outside companies -86,515 -24,032 -4,576 -102,056 -28,349 -5,340 -131,419 -36,505 -6,799
Cooling supplied to outside companies -3,870 -1,075 -115 -15,540 -4,317 -501 -18,742 -5,206 -609
Natural gas supplied to outside companies -64,238 -17,844 -3,565 -60,323 -16,756 -3,348 -65,449 -18,180 -3,631
Purchased power transmitted 8) 89,476 24,854 13,347 38,063 10,573 6,132 35,923 9,979 5,857
Total scope 2 13) 9) 9) 15,045 9) 9) 17,237 9) 9) 16,329
Scope 3: Other indirect energy consumption/emissions (by third parties) 10) 10) 10) 10) 10) 10)  
Electrical energy purchases of outside companies - - 29,892 - - 29,930 - - 31,305
Heat purchases of outside companies - - 4,576 - - 5,340 - - 6,799
Cooling purchases of outside companies - - 115 - - 501 - - 609
Natural gas purchases of outside companies - - 3,565 - - 3,348 - - 3,631
Fuel for outside companies - - 9,571 - - 7,036 - - 6,680
Subtotal 9) 9) 47,719 9) 9) 46,154 9) 9) 49,024
Total annual CO2 emissions open to influence 11) 150,105 152,059 150,614
Air traffic (LTO cycle) 12) - -   - -   - -  
Take-off - - 56,306 - - 55,792 - - 55,337
Climb out - - 97,381 - - 94,765 - - 93,711
Idle (taxiing on the apron) - - 174,565 - - 165,488 - - 162,115
Approach - - 116,348 - - 114,575 - - 113,731
APU (PCA taken into account) 14) - - 25,532 - - 32,359 - - 39,803
Engine test runs - - 456 - - 793 - - 715
Feeder traffic 15) - - 37,992 - - 36,661 - - 39,439
Total scope 3 556,299 546,588 553,874
1) Data collected and reported according to the GHG protocol WRI/WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Principle of operational control applied. To the extent that they are subject to emissions trading, conversion parameters, such as heat values and emission factors in particular, are determined according to the provisions of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). Other conversion parameters are based on the latest publications from the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA).
2) EFM: Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München (company responsible for de-icing at Munich Airport); associated company.
3) Scope 2 emissions reported using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «location-based» method based on emission factors for domestic consumption in Germany, electricity mix, and district heating mix. Net scope 2 emissions with specific emission factors are 0.537 kg/kWh for electricity and 0.213 kg/kWh for district heat from fossil fuels. The total purchased district heat consists of 50% district heat from fossil fuels and 50% district heat from biomass with a specific emission factor of 0 kg/kWh.
4) 45.84% electricity from renewable energy sources (as of 2017 according to Section 42 of the German Energy Act (EnWG)).
5) 50% of district heat is purchased directly from the biomass thermal power plant in Zolling.
6) Solely natural gas purchased (baseline year 2018); no renewable energy sources.
7) Including the quantity transmitted to outside companies.
8) Total power transmitted to outside companies and subsidiaries. The specific emission factor used for purchased power was also used here.
9) For physical reasons it is not practical to add heat, cooling energy, and electricity in energy units. The sum can only be used to draw very limited conclusions.
10) No information as values cannot be specified for all items.
11) Sum of scope 1, scope 2, and the subtotal of scope 3a; this is the comparative value for the reference value taken from the baseline year of 2005 at 162,046 tonnes. The CO2 reference value must not be exceeded in spite of expansion plans and the expected growth.
12) Emissions calculated using the LASPORT model for classifying flight operations in accordance with the LTO cycle.
13) Scope 2 emissions calculated using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «market-based» method results in a figure of 9,311 t of CO2. This is based on an emission factor of 0.352 kg/kWh for the Munich Airport network. The other emission factors stated in footnote 3 remain unchanged.
14) Calculated from aircraft movements using the LASPORT model, subsequently taking into account the APU emissions avoided by using PCA systems.
15) Feeder traffic includes the road traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and employees around the airport.

Generated and purchased power / GRI standard 305-1, 305-2, 305-5

Munich Airport produces around 80 percent of its annual heat energy requirements in the Group’s own block heat and power plant. Aside from a tiny amount that is generated in peak load boilers, the airport meets the remainder of its heating needs by purchasing district heat from a public utility company in Freising. Since early 2011, 50 percent of this purchased district heat – roughly 18 gigawatt hours (GWh) – has been generated by a biomass thermal power plant in Zolling. This procurement is secured by a long-term supply option for the coming years. This district heat obtained from biomass is renewable and climate neutral, and cuts carbon emissions by around 3,000 t per year.

Energy intensity coefficient 1) / GRI standard 302-3

In kWh/passenger 2018 2017 2016
Power consumption 5.02 5.24 5.51
1) Power consumption is responsible for more than 2/3 of the total CO2 emissions produced by energy-induced processes in the airport (excluding emissions generated by airlines). Furthermore, it is only very slightly linked to weather conditions. For this reason, the power consumption per passenger is the most useful indicator for energy consumption at Munich Airport.

The power consumption is made up of total power consumption of all buildings and installations on the campus, including hosted electricity. It includes power consumption by FMG and its subsidiaries, consumption by external companies, and all losses at the low-voltage level.

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity 1) / GRI standard 305-4

In kg/passenger 2018 2017 2016
CO2 emissions 3.24 3.41 3.56
1) The calculation of CO2 emissions per passenger enables the physically meaningful addition of the various forms of primary and secondary energy used at the airport in relation to passenger figures.

The CO2 emissions from scope 1 and 2 are added, as well as power, heat, cooling energy, natural gas, and fuel consumption by external companies. The figure therefore includes all emissions that must not exceed the targets for carbon-neutral growth.

CH4, N2O and greenhouse gases containing fluorine in CO2 equivalent 1) (t) 2018 2017 2016
LTO cycle 4,483 4,342 4,285
Feeder traffic 2) 328 323 348
APU 3) 370 327 402
Engine test run 4) 5 8 7
Small appliances in buildings and central cooling plants 685 656 476
Mobile systems (vehicles) 174 271 184
1) Conversion of emissions into CO2 equivalents in accordance with the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.
2) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.
3) Calculated from aircraft movements using the LASPORT model, taking into account the remaining APU period when using PCA.
4) Estimates.

Measured pollutant concentrations 1 / GRI standard 305-7, GRI AO5

In μg/m3 Current legal annual limit value 2018 2017 2016
NO2 concentration (nitrogen dioxide) 40 18 22 20
SO2 concentration (sulfur dioxide) 2) 20 2 2 2
PM10 concentration (particulate matter) 40 14 16 12
PM2,5 concentration 25 11 11 9
1) As part of the publication of the integrated report, NO2, SO2, PM10 and PM2,5 are recorded. Other pollutant concentrations can be found in the monthly impact reports: munich-airport.com/impact
2) Statutory threshold to protect vegetation, only strictly applicable away from urban centers and transport facilities, but complied with here as well as the immission value specified by the administrative regulation TA Luft for protecting human health (50 µg/m3).
In t 2018 2017 2016
NOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 1,676.8 1,556.9 1,509.2
NOx – feeder traffic 1) 82.4 83.8 81.1
SOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 112.7 109.2 107.8
SOx – feeder traffic 1) 0.2 0.2 0.2
PM10 – air traffic (LTO cycle) 13.4 13.1 12.3
PM2,5 – feeder traffic 1) 1.1 1.2 1.5
1) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.
1 m3 corresponds to 0.001 mega liters 2018 2017 2016
Water purchased from utility in m3 986,580 1,016,708 1,050,791
Water consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 19.8 21.0 23.0
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) Values are derived as follows: Water metering in m3 measured at the drinking water feed points (transfer points at water metering shafts 1 through 4) from the Moosrain water utility company to Munich Airport.

Water sources / GRI standard 303-1, 303-3

Munich Airport sources its drinking water from the Moosrain water utility company, which extracts it from the tertiary strata via seven water wells at depths of between 94 and 160 meters. The water wells are located in water protection areas at «Obere Point» (surface area 33 ha) and «Oberdingermoos» (surface area 36 ha) in the Oberding municipality.

1 m3 corresponds to 0.001 mega liters 2018 2017 2016
Quantity of the quaternary groundwater extracted in m3 279,881 225,549 240,491

Water samples /GRI standard 303-1, 303-2, GRI AO4

Under the provisions of the planning approval notice Munich Airport is required to test the water surrounding the airport. Securing evidence regarding the quantity (water level) and quality (water quality) of groundwater is particularly important. FMG measures the water levels of more than 300 groundwater and 17 surface water measurement points on an ongoing basis. Water quality is determined at 18 groundwater and eleven surface water measurement points. All implemented measures are summarized in a report, evaluated, and presented to the water authorities.

1 m3 corresponds to 0.001 mega liters 2018 2017 2016
Total wastewater discharged from Munich Airport to the sewage plant of the Erdinger Moos wastewater utility company in m3 2,404,292 2,336,314 2,278,602
Wastewater consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 48.2 48.3 49.8
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) The wastewater discharged to the sewage plant consists of domestic wastewater, industrial wastewater, mixed water, and de-icing waste.

Hazardous goods: checks and training courses /
GRI standard 306-4

Operations at Munich Airport involve a number of substances that are harmful to the environment and water; these must be declared as hazardous goods and transported off site. The vehicles used for transporting hazardous goods were inspected to verify that they are in proper condition and are roadworthy and safe to operate. Employee training on the handling of hazardous goods is held at regular intervals in accordance with legal regulations. In the year under review, 2018, a total of 251 tonnes of waste (previous year: 199 tonnes) declared as hazardous goods were transported away for disposal.

In t 2018 2017 2016 Point of disposal and reuse
Recycling        
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from aircraft 2) - - - Sorting facilities, paper factory in Munich/Schrobenhausen (wastepaper recycling)
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from buildings 1,508 1,574 1,654  
Mixed reclaimed materials/waste for recycling from buildings 3,037 3,026 3,038  
Top soil (humus-rich excavation material) 3) 2,766 - -  
Mixed glass 248 176 178 Sorting facilities, recycling firms in Eitting, Schwaig, Moosburg, and Munich
Wood 495 357 355
Bulk waste 852 764 634  
Scrap metal containing electronic waste 626 630 378  
Other recyclables 4) 204 212 180  
Total recycling 9,736 6,739 6,417  
Other forms of utilization        
Material utilization        
Building site waste (waste from dismantling, conversion, renovation, and maintenance measures) 3,207 3,127 2,247 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling/pit filling)
Hazardous waste (FMG fraction only, excluding mineral wool) 321 257 219 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling) or hazardous waste specialists in Munich and Ebenhausen (secondary fuels)
Of which are subject to ADR (hazardous goods) rules 5) 251 199 180
Other waste 6) 1,032 1,259 313
Energy recovery        
Food waste 7) 1,228 1,123 1,024 Biogas plant (energy recovery)
Waste from cleaning of aircraft cabins 8) - - -  
Waste for disposal/prohibited liquids (terminal areas) 201 195 196 Munich North power plant (energy recovery)
Waste for disposal from buildings 706 633 596  
Total utilization 6,695 6,594 4,595  
Landfill waste        
Insulators (mineral wool) 9) 597 432 309  
Total landfill 597 432 309 Spitzlberg, Landshut landfill
Total amount 17,028 13,765 11,321  
1) All quantities refer exclusively to the disposal processes organized by FMG waste management. This refers to the total figure reported (2018: 17,029 t).
2) Disposal is no longer conducted by FMG waste management. Disposal and transport services were outsourced to a disposal company in April 2011.
3) In 2018, the «disposal» (= recycling) of the «Top soil fraction» was handled by FMG waste management for the first time. The topsoil comes from construction projects (in 2018 from the renovation work on the district heating pipeline).
4) For example foil, lightweight packaging.
5) ADR (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route): European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
6) For example runway wear, refuse, old tires, rubber waste
7) Food waste disposal from the Allresto catering area in Terminal 2 only.
8) Waste from the cleaning of aircraft cabins and catering waste is processed by a disposal firm at the Munich North waste incineration plant/at the power plant in accordance with EC Regulation 1069/2009. Disposal is no longer FMG’s responsibility and has been conducted by a specialist contractor working on behalf of the Erding animal carcass disposal association since January 2011.
9) Insulators that are collected at a disposal specialist contracted on behalf of the district of Freising and sent away for proper disposal (landfill). Figure has increased in 2018 due to renovation/roof repair work (mineral wool).
In dB(A) 2018 2017 2016
Measurement point (nearest municipality) Night 2) Day Night 2) Day Night 2) Day
Brandstadl (municipality of Hallbergmoos) 50 58 51 59 52 59
Pallhausen (town of Freising) 48 54 46 56 46 56
Reisen (municipality of Eitting) 49 56 48 55 48 55
Viehlaßmoos (municipality of Berglern) 47 54 44 52 44 54
1) Leq3 continuous sound level in dB(A) for the six busiest months at four aircraft noise measuring stations situated on each of the main flight paths.
2) Hours from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

Distribution of operations directions between west and east

  Westward Eastward
Total 2018 Take-offs Landings Take-offs Landings
Total aircraft movements 1), absolute 220,326 190,101
Total aircraft movements 1), in % 54 46
North runway 49,071 61,330 47,153 49,080
South runway 61,137 48,788 47,856 46,012
1) Excluding helicopters.
Source: Impact reports from January to December 2018.

The distribution of operations directions, in other words the decision as to whether the aircraft take-off and land to the east or west, depends on the wind. Aircraft always take off and land in the opposite direction to the prevailing wind. Furthermore, FMG also tries to ensure that the north and south runways are used equally when organizing the runway system.

  2018 1) 2017 2016
Noise complaints received via telephone 185 248 277
Complainants 116 142 189
       
Complaints received in writing 161 - -
Complainants 66 - -
1) The increase in written complaints is due to the fact that since 2018 the DFLD (Deutscher Fluglärmdienst e.V.; German aircraft noise service) has listed the e-mail address info@munich-airport.de on its website as the address to which complaints should be directed. These complaints were previously received by the government of Upper Bavaria and were not included in our statistics.

Population growth in neighboring communities 1) / GRI AO7

Number of residents 2017 2016 2015
Freising (District of Freising) 48,318 47,848 46,963
Marzling (District of Freising) 3,231 3,233 3,179
Oberding (District of Erding) 6,325 6,187 6,151
Hallbergmoos (District of Freising) 10,946 10,835 10,524
1) The reporting date is December 31 in each case.
Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing) – Statistikatlas Bayern (statistical atlas of Bavaria). Figures for 2018 were not available at the time of going to press.
In ha 2018 2017 2016
«Green spaces» in total 824 751 746
Compensatory mitigation areas, zone III 2) 450 375 374
Airport periphery, zone II 250 250 250
Ecological land reserve for future expansion measures 124 126 122
1) Green areas in zone II and III that Flughafen München GmbH is developing or maintains as natural conservation areas (in contrast to rented farmland or other real estate).
2) From 2017 to 2018, approx. 73 ha of compensation and replacement zones were created as nature protection compensation for construction measures and 2 ha were removed from the ecological land reserve. As a result there was an increase in zone III of 75 ha.

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